Tech,Space,Gaming, and Science Fiction News to wet your whistle
Picture This: The Washington Monument: A Long Journey to the Top
The Washington Monument: A Long Journey to the Top By Kristi Finefield
This photo provides an unfamiliar view of a very familiar structure:
Washington Monument as it stood for 25 years. Photo by Mathew M. Brady, circa 1870. https://ift.tt/2V9SGUH
Yes, that is the unfinished stump of the Washington Monument, as it looked for about 25 years. In 1856, when funding shortages interrupted construction, the monument stood only 156 feet tall out of a projected 500 feet. During the U.S. Civil War, the site was used for the grazing and slaughtering of government cattle, earning it the nickname Beef Depot Monument, as seen in this engraving (below left) published in Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper on Feb. 1, 1862. It was a rather ignominious period for the monument, after the cornerstone had been laid years before on July 4, 1848 to great fanfare in front of 20,000 people, with plans to build a design by architect Robert Mills (below right):
Beef Depot Monument. Wood engraving, published in Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, Feb. 1, 1862, p. 173. https://ift.tt/2NmF9YM
Design of the national Washington Monument. Lithograph by Charles Fenderich, from the original design by Robert Mills, 1846. https://ift.tt/30vNtrx
Initial funding was privately raised by the Washington National Monument Society, founded in 1833 with Librarian of Congress George Watterston as a charter member. To cut costs, the large temple structure at the base was put aside for the time being, but the collected donations still fell short.
This 1852 lithograph presented a rather idyllic view of the nation's capital, with the Washington Canal re-imagined as a recreational boating site and the envisioned Washington Monument depicted as complete:
Washington, D.C. with projected improvements. Lithograph by B. F. Smith, 1852. https://ift.tt/2IhpkyC
This 1863 photograph presents a far more accurate view of the land between the U.S. Capitol and the incomplete Washington Monument, here a faint pillar in the distance to the right of the Smithsonian Institution castle:
[Early photographic view of Washington, D.C. from the Capitol looking west-southwest]. Photo, circa 1863. https://ift.tt/2No17um
Finally, the country's approaching centennial triggered action, and Congress passed a joint resolution on July 5, 1876 to complete the monument to the country's first President. (The gap between the two stages of construction accounts for the noticeable change in the marble about 1/3 of the way up!) The next chapters in the monument's tale involved shoring up an insufficient foundation and altering the design to remove the temple and re-shape the obelisk to the just over 555-foot monument we know today.
With the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and Lt. Col. Thomas Lincoln Casey at the helm, the project moved forward with great efficiency. (Casey would also have a major role in the construction of the Library of Congress Thomas Jefferson Building a decade later.) The citizens of the nation's capital witnessed the growth of the long-planned monument and in December 1884, the capstone was finally put in place to top off a fifty-year journey. At the time of completion, the Washington Monument was the tallest structure in the world, surpassed in 1889 by the Eiffel Tower. The 1903 photochrom below features the finally completed monument that has become an iconic and indelible part of the Washington, D.C. skyline.
Washington Monument. Photochrom by Detroit Publishing Co., 1903. https://ift.tt/2O8Vtfq
Climbers assessing damage to the Washington Monument following the 2011 earthquake. Washington, D.C. Photo by Carol M. Highsmith, 2011 September. https://ift.tt/2M139O1
Popular since the beginning with visitors anxious to see the capital city from on high, the monument has needed a few renovations over the years to counter the damage done by heavy use and age. The most recent renovations were necessary to repair damage from a 2011 earthquake and to modernize the elevator. The photo at right shows climbers assessing the condition of the exterior after the earthquake. This week, the highest vantage point in the nation's capital is available again, as the Washington Monument re-opens to the public after three years.
By Liam McCabe This post was done in partnership with Wirecutter . When readers choose to buy Wirecutter's independently chosen editorial picks, it may earn affiliate commissions that support its work. Read the full article here . After six summers of researching, testing, and recommending window air conditioners, we've learned that quiet and affordable ACs make most people the happiest—and we think the LG LW8016ER will fit the bill in most rooms. This 8,000 Btu unit cools as efficiently and effectively as any model with an equal Btu rating, and runs at a lower volume and deeper pitch than others at this price. Little extra features like a fresh-air vent, two-axis fan blades, and a removable drain plug help set it apart, too. The LG LW8016ER is a top choice for an office or den, and some people will find it quiet enough for a bedroom, too. If our main pic
Lenovo is announcing a pair of new laptops today, the Yoga 730 and Flex 14, both of which are seeing a number of small design tweaks and receiving Intel’s 8th gen processors. While there aren’t any major changes this year, the 730 is getting one notable improvement to help it stand out: it has built-in far-field mics so that it can support Alexa. The Yoga 730 is really similar to last year’s Yoga 720 : like all Yoga laptops, it has a touchscreen and can flip around into tablet mode; it starts with a price around $900 but can go much higher if you spec it out; and while it’s a well-made laptop with an aluminum body, it isn’t quite as slim or light as what Lenovo offers in its Yoga 900 series laptops. This year, the 730 has received a few... Continue reading… via The Verge - Tech Posts "http://ift.tt/2BQTs1c"